Gum recession is due to advanced gum illness. When gingivitis goes untreated, gum disease (also called periodontitis) will cause gums to pull away from the teeth, leaving large resources where bacteria can grow and damage the bone that supports the teeth. Gums can also shrink back from the teeth, making the teeth look longer. Teeth may then become loose, fall out, or have to be pulled out by a dentist.
Gum recession is a slow process and you may not even remember that your gums have receded.
Nonetheless without a gum tissue graft, recession can have a detrimental effect on the health and function of your teeth. Here are common among people whose gums are receding:
- Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, or maybe to sweet, spicy, or sour foods
- Teeth appear longer than normal
- Spaces between teeth are larger
- Roots of teeth start to show
Gum tissue grafting
Gum graft surgery is available to stop gum recession and / or improve the appearance of your gum line.
When your gums recede, the body loses a natural defense against bacteria and this may cause your teeth to be more susceptible to decay. You’ll also experience increased sensitivity and from an esthetic point of view, the appearance of your grin can be affected.
During gum graft surgery, Dr. Steven Faigan takes gum tissue from your palate or another donor source to cover the exposed root. This can be done for one tooth or several teeth to even-out your gum line and reduce sensitiveness. Depending on your specific wishes we will perform one of three differing types of gum tissue grafts.
Connective tissue grafts
The most typical strategy to treat root exposure, connecting tissue grafting involves cutting a flap of skin on the roof of your mouth (or palate) and removing tissue from under the flap, called sub-epithelial connecting tissue. This tissue is then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root. After the connective tissue, or graft, has been removed from under the flap, the flap is then stitched back down.